Cutting a Gram of Salt Lowers the Risk of Cardiac Stress – Latest Studies

According to the latest study on salt consumption and its impact on the human body, people with a high salt intake tend to suffer from strokes and heart attacks. A computer model has strictly provided the data in which only one gram reduction in salt intake leads to a serious reduction in the onset of cardiac events and thus leads to better health chances. 

What do you Need to Know About Salt?

Salt is also known as sodium chloride. It is an absolute necessity in people’s diets. Some foods are known to have salts in them naturally. While others need to have some pinch of salt to make them more palpable. Processed foods are one of the best examples of such foods which have added salt in them. 

Sodium chloride is an essential nutrient that is needed by the body for the balance of fluid levels. 

According to the doctors at top hospitals in Pakistan, “The human body requires a small amount of sodium to conduct nerve impulses, contract and relax muscles, and maintain the proper balance of water and minerals.”

But the critical thing here is to understand that in terms of salt intake, moderation is the main thing to keep in mind. For people who have aged 14 and up should stick with a daily entail of 2,300 mg of sodium daily. 

Too much salt intake can lead to the development of kidney stones and thus kidney malfunction. It might also increase the chances of elevated blood pressure and serious heart issues. 

Dr Ernst von Schwarz who is a certified cardiologist in LA said that excessive intake of salt tends to disturb the natural balance and pH of our human body. 

“Salt intake, in general, has been associated with hypertension and increased cardiovascular risk factors which in turn lead to atherosclerosis, heart disease, and cardiovascular death, which represents the number one cause of death in the world,”

Findings of Research

The researchers used computer modelling techniques to analyze the data on Chinese citizens. According to these scientists Chinese are accustomed to using more than 11 g of salt daily. They also took into consideration the fact that CVD is the highest risk factor in people. It accounts for almost 40% of the death rate. 

Researchers also got into consideration of the systolic pressure while entering the data into computer software. According to the doctors in Pakistan, this data is of utmost importance because the high rate of cardiovascular diseases is associated with an increase in systolic blood pressure. 

The authors of the study commented that “To develop our model, we extracted the effect of salt reduction on SBP from a meta-regression of randomised trials and a population study, and that of SBP on CVD risk from pooled cohort studies,”

According to the data of this study, by reducing only 1% of the salt intake daily, people can benefit from a 4% reduction in CVD and a 6% reduced chance of stroke

“The evidence for the substantial benefits of salt reduction in China is consistent and compelling. Achieving and sustaining population salt reduction in China could prevent millions of unnecessary cardiovascular events and deaths. Given the sheer size of the Chinese population, this would also bring major benefits to global health,” said the study contributors. 

The Limitations of the Study

Various study limitations have been accounted for with this one. Such as the computer models could not account for all of the health issues that were associated with a 1g reduction in salt intake. 

As the researchers are adamant about the understanding that a reduced salt intake is linked with reduced risks of blood pressure. But the computer model was unable to commute it properly.

“Part of the problem with their paper is the use of data accumulated over just a few weeks of salt restriction and extending the purported benefits of such restriction to what might be expected over the following years,” 

Dr Wright commented that “In reality, an analysis such as the one in this paper is speculative and could be predictive of a true effect, but experiments that would truly prove that salt reduction reduces cardiovascular events are impossible to undertake in humans.”

The ending point of this analysis is that people should be careful with salt intake because it can lead them to a high chance of CVD. 

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