Useful organisms that live in the soil are killed by the use of toxic chemicals in pesticides and synthetic chemical fertilizers. Therefore, more and more toxic chemicals must be used to maintain the system until dependence on these chemicals develops.
Simply switching from synthetic chemicals to the use of biological products will NOT solve the problem due to toxic chemicals.
If we only use biological products that can kill pests, weeds and diseases, the problem will not be solved yet and the new “organic grower” will not succeed.
When we try to control everything in our landscape or gardens except the “crops” (shrubs, lawns, foodstuffs, etc.) that we grow, we are doomed to failure! Nature will defend itself! The war against nature cannot be won!
The “switch” must include the new approach needed to work with nature and not to fight it. Instead of solving the problem, the toxic chemical method tries to suppress the symptoms of the problem. Only by trying to control the symptoms (diseases, pests and poor fertility) does the problem often get worse, leading to more use of the chemical. This results in the loss of nutrients such as toxic chemicals that leak from the soil and contaminate our water systems.
All this is because the useful life on Earth, which is usually found in healthy soil, is gone!
The key to a sustainable landscape, such as organic gardening, is to recognize the power of beneficial microorganisms, elements that are not widely known or that most of the public does not understand.
Organic growth differs from the use of chemicals for several important reasons:
First, most nutrients must be present in the soil most of the time in insoluble forms. There must also be soil mechanisms for converting “useless plant nutrients” into “usable nutrients” in the root zone, usually not far from the roots.
Mechanisms to achieve this are beneficial to microbes, including bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes and microcells.
All of these microbes have the same beneficial types and classes of disease. Useful species occur naturally in healthy growing systems.
Simply placing high-quality, expensive organic nutrients on your garden or lawn is NOT likely to result in good plant growth unless the right germs are present. Useful bacteria and fungi are needed. First, destroy all remaining toxic chemicals. Then bind the nutrients so that they do not dissolve (and do not disappear when the water enters the soil).
Finally, bacteria and fungi must be eaten by protozoa and nematodes to release the colored nutrient in the form present in the plant. All deficiencies need to be replaced in order to restore normal food cycles. Microbes also transform the soil by creating airways and holes that can trap water and air in the soil, so less water needs to be used.
Plants are high in nutrients and build their immune systems to withstand the problems of pests and diseases that lead to healthier plants. Maintaining a healthy population of 70% of the beneficial microbes in the soil and on the plant will support a protective environment that will prevent all pathogens that can occur by simply fighting for food and space.
I believe that a ‘sustainable landscape’ is ‘ongoing work’. This is slow, especially when we take care of the process. The following list serves as a starting point that we can implement as often as we can over time.
1. Aerobic compost should be added to the soil to restore the required shelf life.
2. Feed the soil with compost, sea buckthorn, humic acid, and other organic materials. 3. Do not use synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers.
4. Do not blow into the ground.
5. Rotate the plants.
6. Do not cultivate your land.
7. Recycle organic material. 8. Use the variety in your plant.
9. Choose the right plant in the right place.
GOOD landscape resources
10 steps to gardening with nature
by Carole Ann Rollins and Elaine Ingham
Posted in Gardening With Nature,
Novato, CA; 2011
Life on Earth
by James B. Nardi
Published by the University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL; 2007Working with bacteria
Published by Timber Press
Portland, O .; 2006GARDEN TIMES
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The principles of organic gardening are applied without pesticides and herbicides. Accompanying plants and natural pest control are especially recommended.
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