A deepfake is an image, video, or audio representation of someone that seems to be saying or doing something they’ve never actually said or done. These images are often used to defame, harass, or undermine individuals. They can also be used to commit identity theft. Despite being very difficult to detect with the human eye, there are some things you can do to avoid falling victim to a deepfake.
Deepfakes are image, video, or audio representations of people seemingly doing or saying things they’ve never actually done or said
To create a deepfake, a person must first submit a large database of image or video recordings of themselves. This can be obtained easily from both public figures and private individuals. The software then trains itself to recognize consistent patterns and then selects those images to sync with the speaker’s spoken words. Deepfakes can be very convincing, but how do they work?
For example, a University of Washington team developed a computer program that can detect a person’s facial expressions and add a realistic mouth shape to their videos. The technology is very effective, and researchers are trying to build on that success to improve facial animation in the future. As part of their work, the team has focused on facial details like lips and teeth, as well as subtle shadows and wrinkles.
However, new laws against deepfakes may pose more problems than they solve. If social media companies are compelled to censor their posts to avoid fines, they may self-censor. The underlying problem is the intent, not the technology. Fake videos and images have the potential to affect public trust and confidence in our society.
They can be used to harass, demean, and undermine individuals
Deepfakes have been used to harass, demean, and undercut individuals in a variety of ways, ranging from the loss of a romantic relationship to the cancellation of a business opportunity. Some deep fakes even portray individuals in compromising situations, such as in a drunken rage while stealing from a store. Other fakes are intended to be obscene and slanderous.
The issue of Deepfakes has spawned several proposed legislations, which aim to restrict the spread of such content. Rep. Clarke’s bill is an example of this, but it’s too broad. It would burden First Amendment content creators, while doing little to mitigate their spread. It’s also too vague. Further, it would be difficult for any legislator to prove a compelling governmental interest in restricting Deepfake content.
The emergence of deep fakes has broad systemic implications. They can affect elections, corrupt democratic discourse, and undermine trust in significant institutions. It can also harm specific military operations, intelligence capabilities, and international relations. Therefore, it’s imperative to protect the integrity of our democracy by educating ourselves about this dangerous new phenomenon. Ultimately, deep fakes have the potential to harass, demean, and undermine individuals.
They can be used to commit identity theft
A recent deepfake attack occurred when an employee of a large technology company received a strange voicemail, purporting to be the CEO of the firm. It said that the employee was required to act quickly on an ‘urgent business deal.’ The employee flagged the message and alerted the legal team. Though the deepfake attack was not successful, it shows what types of attacks can be expected as technology continues to evolve.
While these fake news articles may be entertaining, the reality is much worse. Deepfakes are being used by cyber criminals to steal identities and access online accounts. Deepfakes can be highly effective at compromising corporate networks, as they can imitate the appearance and voice of individuals in the target organization. If you suspect suspicious activity in your organization, make sure that all employees are aware of the signs that the content is a fake.
They are difficult to detect with the human eye
Deepfakes are videos that appear to be real but are actually fake. They can be made by a foreign intelligence agency, and they could feature anything from a presidential candidate using a racial epithet to a government official confessing to a secret plot. Deep fake videos could also be used to portray U.S. soldiers committing war crimes. Deepfakes could lead to unrest, disrupt elections, and even influence other nation states to carry out their own foreign policy.
The internet makes it easy for deepfakes to spread quickly, and they build on techniques used by other forgeries. Some of the most common methods for creating deepfakes include selective editing, purloined documents, and doctored emails. Others use leaked documents to target political opponents. Deepfakes are becoming more common, and their hyper-realism is symptomatic of an issue with public distribution. The erosion of expertise is also apparent in rampant conspiracy theories and fake news.