The history of Sri Lankan civilization is rich in different kingdoms. The different rulers brought prosperity to the island and ensured its independence. The history of each kingdom is interesting and worth learning about. We will discuss the specialties of the five most important kingdoms in Sri Lanka, starting with the ancient days of the island. Listed below are the most important kingdoms of Sri Lanka. They have unique cultures and fascinating stories to tell.
The earliest kings of Sri Lanka ruled independently but occasionally came under the rule of South Indian kingdoms. The first two Sinhalese kingdoms centered in Kandy in the central highlands, and the third, the Tamil kingdom in the Jaffna Peninsula. However, these dynasties only lasted a few centuries before the Portuguese arrived. There is no firm evidence for the dates of these dynasties, and it is difficult to determine their dates objectively.
The Sinhala Kingdom ruled the island from 543 BCE until 1815 CE. The Jaffna Kingdom ruled from 1215 to 1624 CE. The Vanni chieftains were in power from the 12th century to 1803. The Dutch and Portuguese colonies ruled from 1597 to 1658 CE. But the last king of Sri Lanka was Buvenekabahu VII, who was murdered by a Portuguese soldier.
The Sinhala Kingdom was one of the most powerful kingdoms of Sri Lanka. The name refers to the successive Sinhalese kingdoms which ruled the island. The dynastic families were called after the administrative centers. They were arranged chronologically in order, and they lasted until 1815. Once a king reigned over Sri Lanka, they left his throne. Some of these monarchs backed rival kingdoms and were eventually defeated.
The Sinhalese king Vijayabahu I drove the Cholas out of the island and established a new capital at Polonnaruwa. The new capital prospered until the early 1200s when the Sinhalese abandoned the north-central plains and were conquered by the Tamil kingdom. The Portuguese kings then became rulers of the country. They ruled over the island for about 200 years and established the first colony.
The final and largest kingdom in Sri Lanka was the Kingdom of Kandy. It was the last independent monarchy of the island. The city was surrounded by beautiful mountains. The location of the Kandy kings gave the city its unique character. It was also the last independent dynasty in the country. Its kings lived for over 2000 years, but the British eventually forced them to leave. The English came to Sri Lanka in 1815. The colony’s British rulers ended the self-rule of the people of the island.
The first kingdom of Sri Lanka was the Sinhalese kingdom of Kotte. The country’s history traces its origins back to approximately 2500 BC. The first Tamils landed on the island in Jaffna. In the 15th century, the Portuguese colonial mission of the island ruled the country. By the end of the 17th century, the Dutch had invaded the island, and they were the first Europeans.
The Buddhist kingdoms of Sri Lanka were well-developed and prosperous. Their irrigation systems in the northern part of the island helped the people to cultivate crops. The Kingdom of Anuradhapura was the capital of the country and was home to some of the largest Buddhist temples in southern Asia. King Kasyapa’s dynasty was the last to rule the island and built Sigiriya, a natural rock fortress.
The country’s ancient history can be traced back to the days of the kings. During ancient times, Sri Lanka was an important trading and trade post. Chinese merchants visited the country at least six times and were the first Europeans to explore the region. Other groups settled on the island in the past were also known as Kingdoms in Sri Lanka. During this time, there were several Europeans and Arabs who settled in the country.
During this period of instability, the culture of the Sinhalese kings of Sri Lanka underwent a major transformation. Although they continued their rice cultivation, the population no longer relied on elaborate irrigation networks. Furthermore, the kings made foreign trade a prime priority, and cinnamon became the prime export. By the mid-fifteenth century, the kingdoms of Sri Lanka were split into competing for petty principalities.